Have you ever noticed that it is hard to breathe at home? Do you often sneeze or have a stuffy nose? Dry cough is irritating your throat? But it does not seem to be a common cold. What may cause such symptoms?
These are dust mites that are invisible to the naked eye. They are present almost in every home.
For years, you may treat ailments and visit doctors, but never suspect that the root cause of all troubles lies in your home, in your favorite soft slippers, in a warm blanket and even in a pillow!
In this article I will tell you how to find the signs of dust mites in your house and how to get rid of dust mites. While reading you will also wonder, do I have dust mites? And you will also find the answer to this question.
1. What are dust mites?
Dust mites are synanthropic organisms, that means they live near and benefit from humans. Can you see dust mites with the human eye? No. It is only possible to see them with a 30x-40x magnification microscope. There are about 150 types of these arachnids in the world.
nasal congestion, frequent sneezing, nasal discharge (with no signs of a cold);
eye redness and irritation, conjunctivitis, lacrimation;
dry cough, wheezing;
shortness of breath, breathing difficulty, suffocation;
skin redness and irritation, rashes, hives;
inflammatory processes in the nasal mucosa.
4. How to get rid of dust mites
There are dust mites symptoms signaling about their presence. You must take all measures to prevent them from multiplying and spreading in your house. You will not manage to completely get rid of dust mites , but applying these extreme measures will decrease the amount of dust mites.
Get rid of down and feather pillows, old mattresses, carpets, soft toys without delay, because they are a source of house dust. Down pillows and comforters are best replaced with synthetic ones that are hypoallergenic.
Wash your bedding at temperatures above 65°C using anti-mite additives.
Perform wet cleaning once a day.
Use a washing vacuum cleaner adding anti-mite products.
Install an ultraviolet air purifier.
Do not take animals to your bed.
Store flour and cereals in hermetically sealed jars.
In addition to these urgent measures, it is necessary to carry out a number of changes in the house to prevent the emerging of dust mites. You cannot win with one single action – you have to struggle on all fronts. Otherwise, the arachnids will stay in your home and continue multiplying. It is necessary to imply home remedies to dust mites before it’s too late.
The majority of dust mites are concentrated in the bed, so pay special attention to your bedding.
Use eco-friendly pillows. They are highly hygienic and hypoallergenic. They do not become clogged with dust and are unfavorable for parasites.
Use a washing vacuum cleaner with a water filter. A normal vacuum cleaner will not be able to collect all the dust mites from soft fleecy surfaces, and it will spread them with a stream of air across the room.
Change pillows and blankets every 5-7 years.
Wash your clothes at temperatures above 65°C.
Perform a wet cleaning with saline solution (5-10 spoonfuls of salt per bucket of water).
In summer, hang your bedding in the sun. Ultraviolet is harmful to dust mites.
In winter, take pillows, blankets, carpets, and soft toys outdoors. Not only dust mites, but also their eggs die at low temperatures.
Use pillows with bamboo fibers. They prevent parasites and bacteria from multiplying, as well as create anti-static and antiseptic effects. These pillows will not lose their properties if you wash them.
Get plaids and other voluminous bedding dry-cleaned if necessary.
Use a steam cleaner to clean upholstered furniture and mattresses.
The main direction in the fight against parasites is the home hygiene. If this does not lead to the desired result, it is necessary to use special chemicals for killing dust mites.
Anti-allergenic spray to kill dust mites for the surface of upholstered furniture and carpets. The chemical will remain its effect for 1-2 months. It not only destroys parasites, but also neutralizes the products of their vital activity, feces, and chitinous scales. Use the spray strictly according to the instructions and with the observance of precautionary measures.
Washing suspensions with the effect of destroying allergens.
Products for the dry cleaning of carpets and furniture.
Anti-allergenic shampoos for washing floors and cleaning carpets.
All these chemicals are effective dust mites killers, but you must use them with caution, because they can also cause allergies.
If dust mites live on the face of a person and in the hair follicles, the treatment will take at least 2 months. The patient is subjected to anti-parasitic and exfoliating procedures, cryogenic exposure to liquid nitrogen, strong effect ointments are applied (5-10% sulfur ointment, sodium thiosulfate). It is good to wipe the skin with sulfur and tar alcohol.
- Minimum carpets.
- Easily washable smooth floor.
- Upholstered furniture with easily washable upholstery (leather, artificial leather).
- Replace feather and down pillows.
- Get rid of soft toys or wash them more often.
- Replace heavy curtains with blinds or easily washable fabrics.
- Books and baubles should not be kept on open shelves.
- Do not store things under the bed or on the closet (they are not protected from dust).
- Do not keep your computer in the bedroom (dust accumulates quickly, and it is difficult to get rid of it).
- Dry your bed clothes outdoors, iron them with a hot iron and store them in a dry place.
- Pack all unnecessary things in sealed bags.
- Use a respirator or gauze dressing when cleaning.